This species was originally thought to be endemic to Mt Chapa or Fansipan (Phan Xi Păng), Vietnam but it has also been discovered in Yunnan on the same range running NW-SE from Fansipan, near the border of Vietnam. P. petelotii has bright rose flowers, petals entire but notched, and leathery, ovate leaves , petiole not winged. After flowering, each scape slowly bends toward the ground and starts to grow a new plant. Roots appear on the plantlets just above the bracts. See related species, P. nghialoensis and P. fenghwaiana.